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Mekelle - One of the poorest countries in the world is nevertheless setting big goals for itself and looking to richer countries for help. A 10-year, 0 billion plan aims to produce clean energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Kindeya Redaie has no electricity in his house, but he bought two steers with the money the state gave him in exchange for the right to put a wind turbine on his land.On the Tigray region plateau, in northern Ethiopia, 70-meter-high masts - 84 of them - stand amid a landscape where the dry and stony soil is still turned over with a plow. The Ashegoda Wind Farm, built by the French companies Vergnet and Alstom, is a 'clean' development in one of the world's poorest nations.
Like the vast majority of Ethiopians, Redaie must still settle for charcoal and 'cow wood' (dried cowpat) when he wants to cook his meals or have warm water. The power produced by the Ashegoda complex, which runs along underground cables before reaching the national network's high voltage lines, is still too expensive for him.
All over, construction sites have emerged to build solutions without fossil fuels - which are for now expensively imported - and to provide a place for wind and solar energies, which are less vulnerable than hydroelectricity to repeated drought. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, under construction on the Blue Nile River and a source of tension with the country's Egyptian and Sudanese neighbors, nevertheless promises to be one of Africa's most powerful hydroelectric monsters. Government officials contributed to its funding, which will be covered by national reserves.
The country is trying to create 'a green economy that will hold up to the climate,' which requires the involvement of every sector responsible or vulnerable to climate change. That means energy, of course, but also agriculture, transport, industry and construction. 'Climate change is a strategic issue for Ethiopia,' the preamble to this project statement says. 'It can annihilat
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- Client Search - 6 June 2019